When an SMTP server announces support for the XCLIENT command, an SMTP client may send information that overrides one or more client-related session attributes. The XCLIENT command targets the following problems:
Access control tests. SMTP server access rules are difficult to verify when decisions can be triggered only by remote clients. In order to facilitate access rule testing, an authorized SMTP client test program needs the ability to override the SMTP server's idea of the SMTP client hostname, network address, and other client information, for the entire duration of an SMTP session.
Client software that downloads mail from an up-stream mail server and injects it into a local MTA via SMTP. In order to take advantage of the local MTA's SMTP server access rules, the client software needs the ability to override the SMTP server's idea of the remote client name, client address and other information. Such information can typically be extracted from the up-stream mail server's Received: message header.
Post-filter access control and logging. With Internet->filter->MTA style content filter applications, the filter can be simplified if it can delegate decisions concerning mail relay and other access control to the MTA. This is especially useful when the filter acts as a transparent proxy for SMTP commands. This requires that the filter can override the MTA's idea of the SMTP client hostname, network address, and other information.
An example client-server conversation is given at the end of this document.
In SMTP server EHLO replies, the keyword associated with this extension is XCLIENT. It is followed by the names of the attributes that the XCLIENT implementation supports.
The XCLIENT command may be sent at any time, except in the middle of a mail delivery transaction (i.e. between MAIL and DOT, or MAIL and RSET). The XCLIENT command may be pipelined when the server supports ESMTP command pipelining. To avoid triggering spamware detectors, the command should be sent at the end of a command group.
The syntax of XCLIENT requests is described below. Upper case and quoted strings specify terminals, lowercase strings specify meta terminals, and SP is whitespace. Although command and attribute names are shown in upper case, they are in fact case insensitive.
xclient-command = XCLIENT 1*( SP attribute-name"="attribute-value )
attribute-name = ( NAME | ADDR | PORT | PROTO | HELO | LOGIN | DESTADDR | DESTPORT )
attribute-value = xtext
Attribute values are xtext encoded as per RFC 1891.
The NAME attribute specifies a remote SMTP client hostname (not an SMTP client address), [UNAVAILABLE] when client hostname lookup failed due to a permanent error, or [TEMPUNAVAIL] when the lookup error condition was transient.
The ADDR attribute specifies a remote SMTP client numerical IPv4 network address, an IPv6 address prefixed with IPV6:, or [UNAVAILABLE] when the address information is unavailable. Address information is not enclosed with .
The PORT attribute specifies a remote SMTP client TCP port number as a decimal number, or [UNAVAILABLE] when the information is unavailable.
The PROTO attribute specifies either SMTP or ESMTP.
The DESTADDR attribute specifies a local SMTP server numerical IPv4 network address, an IPv6 address prefixed with IPV6:, or [UNAVAILABLE] when the address information is unavailable. Address information is not enclosed with .
The DESTPORT attribute specifies a local SMTP server TCP port number as a decimal number, or [UNAVAILABLE] when the information is unavailable.
The HELO attribute specifies an SMTP HELO parameter value, or the value [UNAVAILABLE] when the information is unavailable.
The LOGIN attribute specifies a SASL login name, or the value [UNAVAILABLE] when the information is unavailable.
Note 1: syntactically valid NAME and HELO attribute-value elements can be up to 255 characters long. The client must not send XCLIENT commands that exceed the 512 character limit for SMTP commands. To avoid exceeding the limit the client should send the information in multiple XCLIENT commands; for example, send NAME and ADDR last, after HELO and PROTO. Once ADDR is sent, the client is usually no longer authorized to send XCLIENT commands.
Note 2: [UNAVAILABLE], [TEMPUNAVAIL] and IPV6: may be specified in upper case, lower case or mixed case.
Note 3: Postfix implementations prior to version 2.3 do not xtext encode attribute values. Servers that wish to interoperate with these older implementations should be prepared to receive unencoded information.
Note 4: Some Postfix implementations do not implement the PORT or LOGIN attributes.
Upon receipt of a correctly formatted XCLIENT command, the server resets state to the initial SMTP greeting protocol stage. Depending on the outcome of optional access decisions, the server responds with 220 or with a suitable rejection code.
For practical reasons it is not always possible to reset the complete server state to the initial SMTP greeting protocol stage:
TLS session information may not be reset, because turning off TLS leaves the connection in an undefined state. Consequently, the server may not announce STARTTLS when TLS is already active, and access decisions may be influenced by client certificate information that was received prior to the XCLIENT command.
The SMTP server must not reset attributes that were received with the last XCLIENT command. This includes HELO or PROTO attributes.
NOTE: Postfix implementations prior to version 2.3 do not jump back to the initial SMTP greeting protocol stage. These older implementations will not correctly simulate connection-level access decisions under some conditions.
Code Meaning 220 success 421 unable to proceed, disconnecting 501 bad command parameter syntax 503 mail transaction in progress 550 insufficient authorization other connection rejected by connection-level access decision
In the example, the client impersonates a mail originating system by passing all SMTP client information via the XCLIENT command. Information sent by the client is shown in bold font.
220 server.example.com ESMTP Postfix EHLO client.example.com 250-server.example.com 250-PIPELINING 250-SIZE 10240000 250-VRFY 250-ETRN 250-XCLIENT NAME ADDR PROTO HELO 250 8BITMIME XCLIENT NAME=spike.porcupine.org ADDR=126.96.36.199 220 server.example.com ESMTP Postfix EHLO spike.porcupine.org 250-server.example.com 250-PIPELINING 250-SIZE 10240000 250-VRFY 250-ETRN 250-XCLIENT NAME ADDR PROTO HELO 250 8BITMIME MAIL FROM:<email@example.com> 250 Ok RCPT TO:<firstname.lastname@example.org> 250 Ok DATA 354 End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF> . . .message content. . . . 250 Ok: queued as 763402AAE6 QUIT 221 Bye
The XCLIENT command changes audit trails and/or SMTP client access permissions. Use of this command must be restricted to authorized SMTP clients.
XCLIENT attributes persist until the end of an SMTP session. If one session is used to deliver mail on behalf of different SMTP clients, the XCLIENT attributes need to be reset as appropriate before each MAIL FROM command.
Moore, K, "SMTP Service Extension for Delivery Status Notifications", RFC 1891, January 1996.