Postfix SQLite Howto


Introduction

The Postfix sqlite map type allows you to hook up Postfix to a SQLite database. This implementation allows for multiple sqlite databases: you can use one for a virtual(5) table, one for an access(5) table, and one for an aliases(5) table if you want.

Building Postfix with SQLite support

The Postfix SQLite client utilizes the sqlite3 library, which can be obtained from:

http://www.sqlite.org/

In order to build Postfix with sqlite map support, you will need to add to CCARGS the flags -DHAS_SQLITE and -I with the directory containing the sqlite header files, and you will need to add to AUXLIBS the directory and name of the sqlite3 library, plus the name of the standard POSIX thread library (pthread). For example:

make -f Makefile.init makefiles \
     'CCARGS=-DHAS_SQLITE -I/usr/local/include' \
     'AUXLIBS_SQLITE=-L/usr/local/lib -lsqlite3 -lpthread'

Postfix versions before 2.12 use AUXLIBS instead of AUXLIBS_SQLITE. With Postfix 2.12 and later, the old AUXLIBS variable still supports building a statically-loaded SQLite database client, but only the new AUXLIBS_SQLITE variable supports building a dynamically-loaded or statically-loaded SQLite database client.

Failure to use the AUXLIBS_SQLITE variable will defeat the purpose of dynamic database client loading. Every Postfix executable file will have SQLITE database library dependencies. And that was exactly what dynamic database client loading was meant to avoid.

Then, just run 'make'.

Using SQLite tables

Once Postfix is built with sqlite support, you can specify a map type in main.cf like this:

alias_maps = sqlite:/etc/postfix/sqlite-aliases.cf

The file /etc/postfix/sqlite-aliases.cf specifies lots of information telling Postfix how to reference the sqlite database. For a complete description, see the sqlite_table(5) manual page.

Example: local aliases

#
# sqlite config file for local(8) aliases(5) lookups
#

# Path to database 
dbpath = /some/path/to/sqlite_database

# See sqlite_table(5) for details.
query = SELECT forw_addr FROM mxaliases WHERE alias='%s' AND status='paid'

Additional notes

The SQLite configuration interface setup allows for multiple sqlite databases: you can use one for a virtual table, one for an access table, and one for an aliases table if you want.

Credits

SQLite support was added with Postfix version 2.8.